Our February speaker was Chip Gliedman, who presented on “Temperance – How a Social Movement used the Mails (1840-1869)”. His exhibit included a wide range of scarce to rare illustrated postal history focused on the 19th century Temperance movement. Aside from the beauty of many of these covers, Chip noted the unusual rates and postal markings associated with these items.
The talk started with an 1830 Temperance newspaper from Andover, MA that showed the very rare (one of two known) 1 ½ cent rate markings. This was followed by an 1841 Temperance lettersheet sent from Great Britain to Australia with 8 penny red stamps. Chip also exhibited early lettersheets with red printed seals, which were quite unusual for that time period.
The exhibit included many illustrated corner cards and overall illustrated covers reflecting the Temperance movement. In particular, the very ornate illustrated James Valentine (British) propaganda covers, along with their U.S. and Canadian imitators, were shown used from various locations, with different postal rates (one cent, three cents), stamped and stampless and in different colors. This included a cover mailed from the Confederacy!
Other illustrated covers included several highlighting the Maine Liquor Law (which only lasted five years) and a couple of colorful cameo advertising covers for Temperance hotels.
One can also view the entire exhibit at: http://temperance.cgpostal.com/